Malaysian Trumpet Snails Guide [2023]

Fact Checked by
Sheldon Myers, MS / Aquarist

Introduction to Malaysian Trumpet Snails

Malaysian Trumpet Snails, or Melanoides tuberculata, are popular freshwater snails often found in aquariums. They are well-known for their beneficial roles in maintaining a healthy ecosystem within the tank. In this article, we’ll explore the various advantages, characteristics, and potential drawbacks of keeping Malaysian Trumpet Snails in your aquarium. Let’s dive in!

Benefits of Malaysian Trumpet Snails

Algae Control

One of the primary reasons aquarists introduce Malaysian Trumpet Snails into their tanks is to help control algae growth. These snails love to munch on algae, which prevents algae from taking over and keeps the tank looking clean and clear.

Substrate Aeration

Malaysian Trumpet Snails are known for burrowing into the substrate, which helps to aerate the tank’s bottom layer. This behavior promotes better water quality by reducing the buildup of toxic gases and supporting beneficial bacteria growth.

Waste Management

These snails also contribute to waste management within the tank. They consume leftover fish food, decaying plant material, and other organic waste, thus keeping the tank clean and reducing the risk of harmful ammonia and nitrite spikes.

Characteristics of Malaysian Trumpet Snails

Size and Appearance

Malaysian Trumpet Snails have elongated, cone-shaped shells that can grow up to 1 inch in length. Their shells come in various shades of brown, with darker and lighter stripes running along the spiral.


With proper care, Malaysian Trumpet Snails can live for 1-2 years, although some have been known to live longer.


Malaysian Trumpet Snails are prolific breeders, and they reproduce asexually, meaning they don’t need a mate to produce offspring. Their ability to reproduce quickly is both a benefit and a potential drawback, as we’ll discuss later.

Malaysian Trumpet Snails in Aquariums

malaysian trumpet snail
malaysian trumpet snail

Tank Requirements

These adaptable snails can thrive in a variety of tank sizes, from small nano tanks to large community aquariums. They appreciate hiding spots and a substrate that allows them to burrow, such as sand or fine gravel.

Water Parameters

Malaysian Trumpet Snails prefer water temperatures between 70-80°F, with a pH range of 6.5-7.5. They can tolerate a wide range of water conditions but do best in stable environments with regular water changes.

Tank Mates

These peaceful snails can coexist with a variety of tank mates, including fish, shrimp, and other invertebrates. However, it’s crucial to avoid aggressive or snail-eating species like loaches, puffers, and some cichlids, as they may harm or eat the Malaysian Trumpet Snails.

Feeding Malaysian Trumpet Snails

While these snails will consume algae and detritus in the tank, it’s essential to provide supplemental food to ensure they receive adequate nutrition. You can offer them sinking pellets, blanched vegetables (such as spinach, zucchini, or lettuce), or even specialized snail food.

Potential Drawbacks


As mentioned earlier, Malaysian Trumpet Snails reproduce rapidly, which can lead to overpopulation in the tank. To control their numbers, you can manually remove excess snails, introduce snail-eating species (if compatible with your current tank inhabitants), or limit the available food sources.

Plant Damage

Although these snails are generally considered safe for planted tanks, they may sometimes damage delicate plants or uproot them while burrowing. To minimize potential harm, choose hardy plant species and ensure the snails have enough food.


malaysian trumpet snail
malaysian trumpet snail

Malaysian Trumpet Snails can be a valuable addition to your aquarium, providing benefits like algae control, substrate aeration, and waste management. By understanding their characteristics, habitat requirements, and potential drawbacks, you can create a harmonious environment for these fascinating creatures to thrive alongside your other aquatic pets.


1. Are Malaysian Trumpet Snails harmful to fish?

No, Malaysian Trumpet Snails are peaceful invertebrates and pose no threat to fish or other non-aggressive tank mates.

2. Do I need to provide a calcium source for Malaysian Trumpet Snails?

Yes, providing a calcium source (such as cuttlebone or crushed coral) is essential for maintaining healthy shell growth and development.

3. Can Malaysian Trumpet Snails escape from the aquarium?

While they are not known to be escape artists, it’s a good idea to keep the tank well-covered to prevent any accidental escapes or falls.

4. How often should I feed Malaysian Trumpet Snails?

Feed your snails every 2-3 days, adjusting the amount and frequency based on their consumption and the availability of algae and detritus in the tank.

5. Do Malaysian Trumpet Snails carry diseases?

These snails can potentially carry parasites or diseases that may affect other inhabitants in the tank. To minimize the risk, quarantine new snails for 2-4 weeks before introducing them to your main aquarium.

Elliot Galindo
Elliot Galindo
Elliot Galindo is a highly educated expert on freshwater shrimp and their care as pets. He received his Bachelor's degree in marine biology from the University of Oregon and has used that knowledge to become an authority on shrimp care.



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